It’s well understood that completing pulmonary rehabilitation can significantly reduce acute exacerbation of COPD. According to a recent study published by The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), less than 10 percent of COPD patients that were eligible for pulmonary rehabilitation (9.3%), were recorded as having been referred for rehabilitation. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) can negatively impact a patient’s health-related quality of life, lead to a decline in pulmonary function, and can also cause an increased use of healthcare resources. On average, patients with COPD have one to three treated exacerbations per year and up to 25 percent of patients with COPD who are hospitalized for an exacerbation die within a year.
In the past, systematic reviews have shown that pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can reduce hospital admissions, but referral rates lacked consistency. Researchers from Imperial College London set out to determine the effect of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on COPD exacerbation rates.
Utilizing anonymous data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Hospital Episode Statistics, researchers investigated hospital admissions and general practice (GP) visits of 69,089 patients who were eligible for PR. Results found that of those COPD patients, only 6,436 were recorded as having been referred for rehabilitation, 62,019 were not referred, and 634 declined referrals when offered. Data also show that when combining GP and hospital exacerbations, people who were eligible and were referred for PR had a slightly higher exacerbation rate but not considered statistically significant.
“This study highlights a major clinical issue that shows large proportions of patients are either not starting or are not completing PR, which is a result of low referral rates,” said Dr. Jennifer Quint, lead researcher. “Results highlight that 0.98 percent of people refused a PR referral. This shows that physicians have room to improve in referring patients to PR and that patients will likely be receptive to the referrals. As an intervention, there is great potential to be effective if patients are referred and can adhere to properly designed and delivered programs.”
The entire study can be found within the December journal CHEST®.
About the journal CHEST®
The journal CHEST, the official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians®, features the best in peer-reviewed, cutting-edge original research in the multidisciplinary specialties of chest medicine: pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine; thoracic surgery; cardiorespiratory interactions; and related disciplines. Published since 1935, it is home to the highly regarded clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. Readers find the latest research posted in the Online First section each week and access series that provide insight into relevant clinical areas, such as Recent Advances in Chest Medicine; Topics in Practice Management; Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Pearls; Ultrasound Corner; Chest Imaging and Pathology for Clinicians; and Contemporary Reviews. Point/Counterpoint Editorials and the CHEST Podcasts address controversial issues, fostering discussion among physicians. Access the journal CHEST online at chestjournal.org.